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First Inauguration For Roberts As Chief Justice

WASHINGTON (AP) - Chief Justice John Roberts stumbled slightly
over the 35-word constitutionally prescribed oath of office as he
swore in Barack Obama as the 44th president on Tuesday, sending the
new chief executive into a verbal detour of his own.

"Are you prepared to take the oath, senator?" Roberts asked
Obama, who was holding the Bible that Abraham Lincoln used the day
he became president in 1861.

The swearing in began simply enough as Roberts started reciting
the oath Obama was to repeat, a few words at a time.
"I, Barack Hussein Obama ...," began Roberts.
"I, Barack ...," said Obama, and before he could continue,
Roberts said, " ... do solemnly swear ..."
Obama: "I, Barack Hussein Obama, do solemnly swear ..."
Roberts: "... that I will execute the office of president to
the United States faithfully ..."
Obama: "... that I will execute ..."
Roberts: "... faithfully execute the office of president of the
United States ..."
Obama: "... the office of president of the United States
faithfully ..."
At that point, Roberts got back on course, leading as Obama
followed with "and will, to the best of my ability, preserve,
protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."
"So help you God?" asked Roberts.
"So help me God."

By tradition, the presidential oath is administered by the chief
justice, and in Roberts' case, it was his first inauguration.

Later, as he and Obama chatted briefly before lunch in the
Capitol, Roberts appeared to take responsibility for the error.

Roberts hosted Obama and Vice President Joe Biden at the high
court last week in a social call, and the swearing in was one of
the first of what could be many important interactions between the
heads of two branches of government who rose to their positions of
power quickly and who have some background similarities, but whose
politics differ.

The affable Roberts and his conservative-leaning Supreme Court
could have much to say in the years to come about Obama's most
important policy choices.

Former President George W. Bush left the court with two
relatively young and reliably conservative voices, those of
Roberts, 53, and Justice Samuel Alito, 58. Roberts took his seat in
2005 and Alito joined him the next year.

Roberts is the youngest chief justice in more than 200 years. He
easily could still be in his role a quarter century from now, long
after Obama has left office.

He and Obama are similar in many ways. Both are late baby
boomers. Roberts is 53, Obama 47. And both got their law degrees
from Harvard and made rapid ascents to power. But their politics
diverge sharply.

Roberts was an official in Republican administrations before
becoming an appeals court judge and then chief justice under Bush.

Obama was one of 22 Senate Democrats to vote against Roberts'
confirmation to the Supreme Court in 2005 - the first time a
Supreme Court justice has sworn in a president who had voted
against him.

As president, Obama will try to use any Supreme Court vacancies
to counter Roberts' influence, either by replacing aging liberals
with justices as young as or younger than Roberts or by changing
the court's balance if a conservative justice retires unexpectedly.

Roberts added the words "so help me God" to the end of the
constitutional oath, following a practice established by George
Washington and followed by most presidents. And Obama repeated the
phrase.

The last time a chief justice swore in a president of a
different party was in 1997, when Chief Justice William H.
Rehnquist, a Republican, swore in Democrat Bill Clinton for a
second term. Two years later, Rehnquist would preside over
Clinton's impeachment trial in the Senate, which resulted in an
acquittal.

Obama didn't actually finish taking the oath until 12:05 p.m.,
five minutes after he actually became president under the
Constitution. Clinton, in his first inauguration in 1993, also was
five minutes late in taking the oath.

The Lincoln Bible used by Obama was on loan from the Library of
Congress.

(Copyright 2009 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)


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