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Senate OKs 4-Month Delay To Digital TV Changeover

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate on Monday voted unanimously to
postpone the upcoming transition from analog to digital television
broadcasting by four months to June 12 - setting the stage for
Congress to pass the proposal as early as Tuesday.

Monday's Senate vote is a big victory for the Obama
administration and Democrats in Congress, who have been pushing for
a delay amid growing concerns that too many Americans won't be
ready for the currently scheduled Feb. 17 changeover.

The Nielsen Co. estimates that more than 6.5 million U.S.
households that rely on analog television sets to pick up
over-the-air broadcast signals could see their TV sets go dark next
month if the transition is not postponed.

"Delaying the upcoming DTV switch is the right thing to do,"
said Senate Commerce Committee Chairman Jay Rockefeller, D-W.Va.,
author of the bill to push back the deadline. "I firmly believe
that our nation is not yet ready to make this transition at this
time."

The issue now goes to the House, where Commerce Committee
Chairman Henry Waxman, D-Calif., has vowed to work with House
leaders to bring Rockefeller's bill up for a floor vote on Tuesday.

President Barack Obama earlier this month called for the
transition date to be postponed after the Commerce Department hit a
$1.34 billion funding limit for government coupons that consumers
may use to help pay for digital TV converter boxes. The boxes,
which generally cost between $40 and $80 each and can be purchased without a coupon, translate digital signals back into analog ones for older TVs.

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration,
the arm of the Commerce Department administering the program, is
now sending out new coupons only as older, unredeemed ones expire
and free up more money. The NTIA had nearly 2.6 million coupon
requests on a waiting list as of last Wednesday.

Jonathan Collegio, vice president for the digital television
transition for the National Association of Broadcasters, argues
that the Nielsen numbers may overstate the number of viewers who
are not ready for the digital transition. He noted that the numbers
exclude consumers who have already purchased a converter box but
not yet installed it, as well as those who have requested coupons
but not yet received them.

What's more, consumers who subscribe to cable or satellite TV
service or who own a TV with a digital tuner will not lose
reception.

Still Gene Kimmelman, vice president for federal policy at
Consumers Union, argues that millions of Americans - particularly
low-income and elderly viewers - will pay the price because "the
government has failed to deliver the converter boxes these people
deserve just to keep watching free, over-the-air broadcast
signals."

In 2005, Congress required broadcasters to switch from analog to
digital signals, which are more efficient, to free up valuable
chunks of wireless spectrum to be used for commercial wireless
services and interoperable emergency-response networks.

Republicans in both the House and Senate have raised concerns
that a delay would confuse consumers, burden wireless companies and public safety agencies waiting for the airwaves that will be
vacated and create added costs for television stations that would
have to continue broadcasting both analog and digital signals.

Paula Kerger, president and CEO of the Public Broadcasting
Service, estimates that delaying the digital TV transition to June
12 would cost public broadcasters $22 million.

But Rockefeller managed to ease some of these concerns by
allowing broadcast stations to make the switch from analog to
digital signals sooner than the June deadline if they choose and by
permitting public safety agencies to take over vacant spectrum that
has been promised to them as soon as it becomes available.
---
Associated Press writers Andrew Taylor in Washington and David
Bauder in New York contributed to this report.

(Copyright 2009 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)


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