In a vote of 253 to 174, federal funding for embryonic stem cell research sailed through the U.S. House which doctors say, if passed, could provide hope for many suffering from spinal cord injuries, Parkinson's, type one diabetes and different cancers to name a few.
"It should play a great role in possible cures for them. That is why a lot of patients who have those diseases and have been promised a possible cure are lobbying for these bills to be passed," said Dr. J. Dustin Chaney.
With both cancer and diabetes rates above average in Eastern Kentucky, some doctors say stem cells could hold the key to helping many people.
"If we don't research it, we are just continuing these diseases on the population. I think it's going to impact us in the mountains because we have so much cancer and it's going to be an important cure for us," said Senator Daniel Mongiardo.
But the debate over stem cell research falls into a social and ethical grey area for many.
"The problem that we have is that embryonic stem cell research requires the death of a child," said Pastor Ricky Ray.
Many of those opposed to federal funding say we can get stem cells from other sources and hope to exhaust those options first. But whether you are for or against embryonic stem cell research, the debate probably won't end anytime soon.
President Bush is expected to veto the stem cell bill and there likely won't be enough votes to override a veto.