Gingrich assailed on Freddie Mac work, fights back

SIOUX CITY, Iowa (AP) - Republican presidential front-runner
Newt Gingrich clashed sharply with one rival, took pains to
compliment another and said it was laughable for any of them to
challenge his conservative credentials Thursday night in the last
campaign debate before the Jan. 3 Iowa caucuses kick off the 2012
primary season.

In a forceful attack, Minnesota Rep. Michele Bachmann said
Gingrich "had his hand out and received $1.6 million to influence
senior Republicans and keep the scam going in Washington, D.C.,"
for Freddie Mac, a government-backed housing entity.

"Just not true," Gingrich shot back. "I never lobbied under
any circumstances," he added, denying an allegation she had not

The clash underscored the state of race, with Gingrich, the
former House speaker, atop the polls in Iowa and nationally, while
Bachmann, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney and his other
pursuers work in television ads and elsewhere to overtake him in
the final days before the caucuses.

Former Sen. Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania, who has staked his
campaign on Iowa, was quick to challenge Gingrich as a conservative
leader. He recalled that Gingrich had to contend with a
"conservative revolution' from the ranks of Republican lawmakers
when he was House speaker in the 1990s.

Rather than going after Gingrich, Romney, who runs second in the
polls in Iowa, said his experience in private business made him the
man to confront President Barack Obama in debates in the fall of
2012. "And I'll have credibility on the economy when he doesn't,"
he said.

Given the stakes, Gingrich, Bachmann and Santorum weren't the
only contenders eager to impress Iowa voters and a nationwide
television audience with their conservative grit.

"I hope I am the Tim Tebow of the Iowa caucuses," said Texas
Gov. Rick Perry, referring to the Denver Broncos quarterback whose
passing ability draws ridicule but who has led his team to a
remarkable seven wins in eight weeks.

"We're getting screwed as Americans," said former Utah Gov.
Jon Huntsman, insisting that he, in fact, was a steadier
conservative than any of the others on stage.

"Anybody up here could beat Obama," said Rep. Ron Paul of
Texas, whose views verge on libertarianism and who has struggled to expand his appeal.

Indeed, the big question in the opening moments of a fast-paced
two-hour debate went to the heart of a dilemma that could
eventually settle the race - do conservative Republican caucus and
primary voters pick a candidate with their hearts, or do they look
elsewhere if they judge their favored candidate might not be able
to defeat the president.

Those voters begin making that choice on Jan. 3, and if
experience is any guide, one or more of the presidential hopefuls
on the debate stage will not make it out of the state to compete in
the New Hampshire primary a week later.

Gingrich, who seemed an also-ran in the earliest stages of the
race, has emerged as a leader heading into the final stretch of the
pre-primary campaign. His decades in Washington and his
post-congressional career as a consultant have been the subjects of
tough critiques from Romney's campaign in the past week.

But the former speaker passed up an offer to criticize his rival
on the issue of Medicare, saying, "I'm not in the business of
blaming Gov. Romney." In fact, he said, Romney has made
constructive suggestions for preserving the program that tens of
millions of Americans rely on for health care yet faces deep
financial woes.

Gingrich drew criticism earlier in the year for calling a GOP
Medicare proposal "right-wing engineering." Romney refrained from
criticizing that plan but did not embrace it in full.

Bachmann, who has long-since faded to the back of the pack in
the polls, seemed most eager to confront Gingrich.

And when he labeled her charges inaccurate, she shot back that
when she made similar contentions in the previous debate, she was
judged factually accurate by an independent arbiter. She said
Gingrich's work for Freddie Mac was in furtherance of a "grandiose
scam" to keep alive an entity at the heart of the housing crisis.

"I will state unequivocally for every person watching tonight:
I have never once changed my positions because of any payment,"
Gingrich said, adding that in fact, he favored breaking up both
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, his benefactor.

Moments later, Bachmann challenged Paul even more aggressively,
saying his views on Iran were a danger given the country's work on
acquiring a nuclear weapon.

Iowa Gov. Terry Branstad, a Republican who has said he probably
will not endorse a candidate before the caucuses, said earlier
Thursday that Gingrich needs to show he has discipline in the next
few weeks to convince GOP voters he has what it takes to be

"I don't know. I don't know," Branstad said in an Associated
Press interview when asked specifically if he thought Gingrich had
the discipline to be president. "I think he's a great idea person;
I have a lot of respect for him. But whether he has the discipline
and the focus, I don't know."

Romney has not begun running ads assailing Gingrich. But he has
characterized the former speaker as "zany" for having endorsed
mining the moon and lighting highways with mirrors in space.

Romney has increasingly looked to slow Gingrich in Iowa. Romney
has campaigned lightly in the state, and some influential social
conservatives there have doubts about his Mormon faith and changed
positions on social issues.

In a new ad in Iowa, Romney is describing the need to reduce the
federal deficit as a "moral responsibility."

(Copyright 2011 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)

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