President Barack Obama speaks about exports, jobs, and the economy, Wednesday, July 7, 2010, in the East Room of the White House in Washington. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
WASHINGTON (AP) - Beginning to wind down a long and devastating
war, President Barack Obama announced Wednesday night he was
pulling home 33,000 U.S. troops from Afghanistan by next summer,
withdrawing the "surge" of forces he had sent to rescue a
flailing effort. Said Obama to a country eager for an exit: "The
tide of war is receding."
A total of 10,000 troops will leave the war zone by the end of
this year - fulfilling Obama's promise for a withdrawal starting
next month - and more than 20,000 additional forces will leave by
the summer of 2012, shortly before the president will go before
voters in search of a second term.
Still, almost 70,000 U.S. troops will remain in an unstable
country, fighting in a war bound to see more Americans killed.
Obama said they will leave at a steady pace, but the U.S. combat
mission is not expected to end until December 2014 - and even then,
a sizable and enduring contingent may remain in a different role.
Obama's announcement from the White House came in a perilous
political environment, with Americans soured on the war and the
economy, many members of Congress pushing him to get troops home even faster, and his Republican presidential rivals taking shots at his leadership at every chance.
Plenty of disgruntled Democrats also took Obama to task, however
politely, for not withdrawing more troops more quickly.
"I am glad this war is ending, but it's ending at far too slow
a pace," said Sen. Barbara Boxer, D-Calif. Added the House
Democratic leader, Nancy Pelosi of California: "We will continue
to press for a better outcome."
At least 1,500 members of the U.S. military have died and 12,000
have been wounded since the war began in late 2001. The financial
cost of the war has passed $440 billion and is on the rise, jumping
to $120 billion a year. Those costs have risen in importance as a
divided U.S. government struggles to contain its soaring debt.
Conceding the economic strain of waging war at a time of rising
debt and fiscal constraint, Obama said it was time for America "to
focus on nation building here at home." The president's chances
for re-election rest largely on his ability to show faster job
growth in a time of deepening economic pessimism.
The withdrawal is supported by the bold bottom-line claims of
his security team: Afghanistan, training ground for the Sept. 11,
2001, attacks on America, is no longer a launching pad for
exporting terrorism and hasn't been for years. But that could also
fuel arguments for even greater withdrawals by voters wondering
what the point of the war is after all these years, especially
since the face of the enemy - al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden - was
killed by American forces this spring during a raid in Pakistan.
Yet the White House insists the U.S. must maintain a strong
fighting force in Afghanistan for now to keep the country from
slipping back into a haven for al-Qaida terrorists.
The initial withdrawal is expected to happen in two phases, with
5,000 troops coming home this summer and an additional 5,000 by the end of the year.
Obama will visit troops Thursday at Fort Drum, the upstate New
York Army post that is home to the 10th Mountain Division, one of
the most frequently deployed divisions to Afghanistan.
He said materials recovered during the raid to get bin Laden
showed that the al-Qaida terror network was under deep strain. He
said bin Laden himself expressed concern that his organization
would be unable to effectively replace senior leaders that had been
The president declared, "We have put al-Qaida on a path to
defeat, and we will not relent until the job is done."
Even after the troops come home, the war will remain expanded on
Obama's watch. He approved 21,000 additional troops for Afghanistan shortly after taking office in 2009, bringing the total number to 68,000. That means he is likely to face re-election with more troops in Afghanistan than when he took office, although he has
also dramatically reduced the U.S. footprint in Iraq.
The president spoke for just under 15 minutes from a silent East
Room. It was a strategic moment for him to try to explain a turning
point in the war effort without elevating it to a major Oval Office
address - more of a stay-the-course case of progress and
"Of course, huge challenges remain," the president said.
"This is the beginning - but not the end - of our effort to wind
down this war. We will have to do the hard work of keeping the
gains that we have made while we draw down our forces and
transition responsibility for security to the Afghan government."
Significant questions still loom, including whether an Afghan
government marred by corruption will be up to enormous job ahead.
Regardless, Obama made clear the United States was ready to move
on from a decade defined by wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, at a cost
at of thousands of lives lost and more than $1 trillion spent. "We
will not try to make Afghanistan a perfect place," Obama said
Potential GOP presidential candidates were quick to weigh in
with criticism of Obama's plan - but they did not speak with one
Former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney accused Obama of proposing an "arbitrary timetable" and said the decision on withdrawing troops "should not be based on politics or economics." Former Utah Gov. Jon Huntsman said the approach in Afghanistan should be focused on counterterrorism, "which requires significantly fewer boots on the ground than the president discussed tonight."
Back on Capitol Hill, Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, accused Obama
of acting based on political considerations. "I am increasingly
concerned by the lagging public support for the mission, and it was
disappointing that the president failed to bring more clarity to
the situation," he said.
Obama argued that reinforcements he sent have accomplished their
mission: eroding the capacity of Taliban insurgents, diminishing
the al-Qaida network and providing time and training for
Afghanistan's forces to take charge.
Most Americans oppose the war in Afghanistan and are far more
concerned about the teetering economic recovery at home.
Military commanders favored a plan that would allow them to keep
as many of the 30,000 surge troops in Afghanistan for as long as
possible, ideally through the end of 2012. That timeline would have
given them greater troop strength through two crucial fighting
Obama overruled them.
Many Afghans are eager to see the Americans leave, yet there are
big risks for the government there.
"There will be some battles, there will be suicide attacks and
bomb attacks," acknowledged Defense Ministry spokesman Gen.
Mohammad Zahir Azimi. "But we in the Afghan forces are prepared to
replace the foreign forces, and I'm confident the army has enough
capacity and ability."
U.S officials have been saying for several years that al-Qaida's
safe havens had shifted from Afghanistan to Pakistan. While there
has been some success in degrading the terror network in Pakistan,
there are still deep concerns among U.S. officials about Pakistan's
commitment to fighting terrorism.
"So long as I am president," Obama said of Pakistan, "the
United States will never tolerate a safe haven for those who aim to
kill us. They cannot elude us."
Associated Press writers Robert Burns, Lolita C. Baldor, Matthew
Lee and Donna Cassata in Washington and Solomon Moore in Kabul, Afghanistan, contributed to this report.
(Copyright 2011 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)